The percentage of Diabetes prevailing in Singapore has since been going up year by year. Study shows that Singaporeans today have been leaning towards a high caloric diet, almost competing with the Americans.
Diabetes, being a chronic disease, affects 10% of Singapore’s population. That’s around 1 in 10 people.
One of the leading causes of blindess, diabetic retinopathy has made a bad wrap and unfortunately, the longer you’ve had diabetes, the higher your risk of acquiring the condition.
Both types of diabetics are at risk. The good news is that most cases can be prevented with early detection and treatment.
What You Need To Know
How can I diagnose Diabetic Retinopathy?
Regular annual eye checks are very important. Early diabetic retinopathy is usually asymptomatic and thus often not diagnosed. However, it can be easily treated and blindness can be prevented. Often, when the patient experiences some symptoms, the diabetic retinopathy may be in the late stages or complicated with other conditions eg. cataract, glaucoma. At this stage, treatment is still possible but recovery may be limited.
How to reduce onset of Diabetic Retinopathy?
- Have a healthy diet
- Control blood sugar levels with regular blood sugar and HbA1c monitoring
- Maintain good blood control
- Exercise regularly
- Stop smoking
- Reduce intake of alcohol
Early stages of diabetic retinopathy need no treatment. However, regular monitoring and preventive measures (as mentioned above) has to be taken. Severe visual loss can be prevented if diabetic retinopathy is detected early and treated. Thus it is important for a dilated eye exam at least once a year.
It’s important to remember that not all diabetics will lose their vision. Your risks can be reduced or eliminated by controlling your blood sugar and blood pressure, eating right, getting regular exercise and having your eyes examined at least once a year. If you are diagnosed with diabetic retinopathy, don’t put off treatment. Early detection and early treatment will save your sight.